About this project
Show list of needs
Machine to shred plastic into small flakes
Machine to to be used with a mould to produce small objects like teaching material, jewellery pieces or toys.
Molds: 4 pieces
Aluminium molds for the production with the injection machine, the compression machine and the extrussion machine.
Machine to produce larger and more solid objects like roof or floor tiles.
Tools for the post-manufacture of products
Machine to produce plastic filament for objects like a lamp or a handle of a knife
Expenses of Goteo, banks and rewards
Goteo 4%, bank 0.8% of the total
Set up of the machinery (aprox. 2 months)
- Salary for a trainer and a labourer during the ste up of the machines: 500 € - Plastic: plastic waste bought from pickers in Njombe for the operation during the set-up: 130 € - Electricidad for operating during the set-up: 200€ - Use of the tools during the set-up: 360 € - Office expenses (stationery, transport, cleaning, first-aid kit, telephone and telecommunications): 740 €
|Total||€ 3.910||€ 6.160|
Plastic! More and more plastic and plastic waste in Njombe; on the streets, on the ground, on the fields, in the rivers, burning at pits and dump sites. And there are no alternatives to avoid it!
What if we recycled this plastic locally and on a small scale?
What if we produced useful objects for our community and at the same time recycling was economically sustainable?
What if apart from doing it ourselves we trained others on how to do it?
Let´s get down to work!
We are going to open a workshop to recycle plastic on a small scale by using the Precious Plastic machines. Following the effective approach of the SMART Centres, we are going to train local entrepreneurs so that through their businesses, a value chain is created around plastic. To start with, we need to have the machines for plastic recycling to experiment and adapt them to our context. Once they are running, we will start answering the questions above.
"In this way, plastic waste will no longer be a problem; instead, it will be valuable for the people in Njombe: by creating new jobs and by improving the current ones, manufacturing recycled products useful for the local community and by raising environmental awareness."
We conceive this project as a first step to make Njombe a circular town, to go ”beyond”: beyond the current situation, the increasing waste generation, the pollution and the linear economy.
Njombe and its 40,000 inhabitants in the south of Tanzania mean colour, warm welcomes and smiles following the rhythm of the music. And we want it to continue being the same. Wananjombe tuwe pamoja!
Description of the project. Main features, strengths and differentials.
We are going to establish a small scale plastic recycling workshop. Thanks to Precious Plastic, we know how to produce our own machines to recycle plastic:
- A shredder to shred plastic into small flakes.
- An injection machine to be used with a mould to produce small objects like teaching material, jewellery pieces or toys.
- An extrusion machine to produce plastic filament for objects like a lamp or a handle of a knife.
- A compression machine to produce larger and more solid objects like roof or floor tiles.
- Tools for the post-manufacture of products.
In our workshop, these machines will allow local entrepreneurs to experiment and learn how to build the machines and how to recycle with them. In addition, we will train and support them in their adventure of starting their business in plastic recycling in key topics like marketing and accounting.
Nowadays, informal pickers carry out plastic waste collection; we will collaborate with them to ensure a fair salary and safe working conditions.
We are collaborating with small companies and industries and the community to discover what to produce to satisfy local needs.
We want the schools to be part of the project. Through different events like presentations, tournaments and visits to the workshop, we want the younger generations to discover the impact of plastic as well as its value and potential.
Our final objective is: to reduce the plastic wasted in Njombe town and to raise awareness in the local community about the problems and opportunities around plastic.
Our specific objectives are:
- To establish a sustainable value chain for plastic recycling locally and at small scale
- To collaborate with the different stakeholders of the chain and ensure fair working conditions
- To involve the community, including schools, in Njombe Beyond to shed light on the problems and opportunities of plastic waste
So far we have…
- Discovered Njombe and the people who live here.
- Characterised the waste generation in Njombe and the waste management system.
- Researched the plastic flow in Njombe and Tanzania.
- Ideated “how to reduce plastic waste in Njombe” in a brainstorming session with all SHIPO staff.
- Confirmed the availability of materials, components and technical knowledge in Njombe to produce the machinery.
- Got to know the interest in the project from local authorities and entrepreneurs.
- Visited local industries and analysed the possibilities for collaboration.
And our next steps are…
- To analyse the demand for different useful products for the community and the feasibility to produce them out of recycled plastic. And to produce them.
- To buy the components of the machines and finalize the installation in our workshop. We will first get the injection machine and the moulds and we will get the plastic flakes from local shredders. Afterwards, we will improve the shredders and we will get the rest of the machinery to produce other kinds of objects.
- To adjust the machines for the optimum operation and to experiment with them.
- To collaborate with the plastic waste pickers to get the necessary plastic.
- To train local entrepreneurs in the production and set up of the machines, in the manufacture of recycled products and in the development of their businesses.
- To conduct actions raising awareness in various schools in Njombe.
Why this is important
A bit more than a year ago, we were at a beach in Morocco, enjoying the sunset, the two of us alone. It was a beautiful and calm place, there was a “but” though: there was plastic all over the place. It was then, with the recent inspiration of Precious Plastic and all the knowledge obtained during our 6 years of environmental studies, when I had a dream: What if we travelled around the world collecting plastic and transforming it into useful objects for the local community? The availability of plastic waste would not be a problem…
Few months later, Leire moved to Njombe for an internship at the SHIPO SMART Centre. She felt so much in love with the place and especially with the people there, that 6 months have turned into 17, so far…
During her time there, she got to know the other two seeds of Njombe Beyond:
1. The SHIPO SMART Centre approach: to train the local private sector to give a solution to local challenges like water supply.
2. The increasing amount of plastic waste spread around Njombe town and its environment.
Regarding the second point, we have researched and got to know the current situation deeper and it has definitely strengthened our reason to be:
Njombe is a growing town, it has more than 40,000 inhabitants who generate more than 35 tonnes of waste per day. 28 tonnes piled in the dump site, where it is a common practice to burn the waste due to lack of space. The rest of the waste is burnt in the pits in backyards or it simply ends up in the environment.
More than 10 % of the waste is plastic: 3500 kg per day and more than 1000 tonnes per year that are piled, burnt or disposed of in the environment.
Until the end of 2017, part of the plastic bottles were collected by companies in Tanzania and sent to China. However, since 2018 China has stopped importing plastic waste. Hard plastic is partly recycled in Dar es Salaam (the economic capital of Tanzania) but there is no market for the plastic bottles.
In Njombe, there are informal pickers who collect and shred the plastic to transport it to Dar es Salaam. This city is 700 km far from Njombe, which makes this option non-sustainable.
The demographic growth in Njombe and the increase of 400%  of the imports of plastic and rubber since 2000, indicate that the plastic waste problems will not decrease.
Unfortunately, Njombe is not an exception on this: the situation in the rest of Tanzania and Sub-Saharan Africa follows the same trend: the population in Tanzania is expected to more than double by 2050 and consumption rates are increasing due to development. Consequently, waste generation rates are expected to be more than triple in the country by 2050 while only 48% of the waste is collected and there is lack of waste separation and treatment options . This indicates us that actions need to be taken now, before this global problem gets worse.
We are happy to see that in the past years more and more campaigns and studies tackle the problems related to the massive waste generation, a topic which has been greatly ignored until now.
We do not think that plastic recycling is the only solution to this problem; we conceive this project as a mean to give visibility to the problems derived from waste, reduce the consumption of plastic in Njombe, give a sustainable solution to the plastic waste generated in Njombe and raise environmental awareness among the local community.
We dream of a clean and healthy Njombe. With entrepreneurs recycling plastic on a small scale, with schools involved in the project and with people who know about the impact of plastic waste, who take measures and understand the importance of reducing and treating this precious material.
SMART Centre Tanzania is a unit within the local NGO SHIPO based in Njombe. In this department, we are three environmental engineers and a community development expert. We deal with SMARTechs (Simple, Market based, Affordable and Repairable Technologies) that solve challenges of local communities on water supply, sanitation and, through Njombe Beyond, waste management. The SMART Centre approach consists in training local entrepreneurs so that these technologies are deployed and reach the community through the private sector. In this way, the market for SMARTechs will exist even when the NGO’s work is over. The results obtained with these strategy are admirable:
"More than 27,500 people, including schools and hospitals, are benefitting from the wells and pumps installed by the trained artisans. More than 60 artisans have created 15 groups (companies) active nowadays."
We collaborate with CEFA, an Italian NGO present in Tanzania since the 70s. In the Southern Highlands they are working in different sectors (agriculture, energy, environment) for an integrated rural development. In particular we relate with the Environmental Team based in Matembwe, a nearby village, which is working to find feasible solutions to the problem of Solid Waste Management: they are conducting awareness-raising campaigns on environmental pollution and have started a craft workshop that empowers disadvantaged women called 'THAMANI - Value, not waste'.
With them, a product designer and an expert in environmental science, we would like to develop a village-city system, especially for plastic waste management.
- Space for the workshop and several tools.
- Knowledge on recycling machine production. Technical support from the Precious Plastic community.
- Support and experience from the 20 employees at SHIPO, in technical, financial, monitoring and community development issues.
- Network of local metal artisans able to fabricate the machines
- Support of the local authorities and local entrepreneurs: the Environment Department of Njombe Town Council has helped us to get to know the local waste management system, to record graphic materials, identify and connect with project stakeholders such as local entrepreneurs who collect, shred and transport plastic to Dar es Salaam.